Did you know…
Worms have long been known to provide soil with essential enzymes and nutrients by consuming decaying organic matter. The importance of earthworms is not a new concept at all. The Ancient Greeks considered the earthworm to have an important role in improving the quality of the soil. The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.) referred to worms as “the intestines of the earth”.
Charles Darwin (1809 –1882) studied earthworms for more than forty years and devoted an entire book (The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms) to the earthworm. Darwin stated, “It may be doubted that there are many other animals which have played so
important a part in the history of the world as have these lowly organized creatures.”
Worms provide several functions to soil…
- Their tunneling activity helps aerate the soil. The channels they make as they move through the soil allow rain to enter the soil more rapidly, reduce water runoff, and reduce the potential for erosion. This also helps improve soil structure by creating a loose soil that is easily penetrated by roots.
- Earthworms neutralize soil pH. Their castings are always closer to neutral than the original soil. The pH in acidic soils is lifted, and the pH in alkaline soils is reduced.
- Earthworms gradually deepen the topsoil layer by burrowing into the sub-soil and moving fine mineral particles to the surface in the form of castings.
- Earthworms solve waste problems by composting organic matter. Composting with worms occurs four times faster than normal composting.
- High earthworm populations contribute to biological pest control as soils with earthworms has been shown to have far fewer parasitic nematodes than soil without earthworms. Many other soil borne diseases also appear to be reduced.
Its no wonder that Earth indeed loves Worms!!